In Annex V to the BPR the biocidal products are classified into 22 biocidal product-types, grouped in four main areas. As a result of excluding biocidal products used as preservatives for food and feedstock from the scope, there is one less product type compared to the previous directive.
The legislation distinguishes between 22 product types, and the evaluation of each active substance will result in granting or refusing to grant an approval for one or more of the 22 product types. Once an active substance has been approved for a given product type by the EU, it may be used in all products of that type. For instance, an active substance that is only approved for bottom paint, may not be used for other purposes.
Read more: Annex V of the BPR provides detailed information about the product types
The 22 product types are tabulated below:
|Main group 1: Disinfectants|
These product types exclude cleaning products that are not intended to have a biocidal effect, including washing liquids, powders and similar products.
||Products in this group are biocidal products used for human hygiene purposes, applied on or in contact with human skin or scalps for the primary purpose of disinfecting the skin or scalp.
||Disinfectants and algaecides not intended for direct application to humans or animals
||Used for the disinfection of surfaces, materials, equipment and furniture which are not used for direct contact with food or feeding stuffs. Usage areas include, inter alia, swimming pools, aquariums, bathing and other waters; air conditioning systems; and walls and floors in private, public, and industrial areas and in other areas for professional activities.
Used for disinfection of air, water not used for human or animal consumption, chemical toilets, waste water, hospital waste and soil.
Used as algaecides for treatment of swimming pools, aquariums and other waters and for remedial treatment of construction materials.
Used to be incorporated in textiles, tissues, masks, paints and other articles or materials with the purpose of producing treated articles with disinfecting properties.
||Used for veterinary hygiene purposes such as disinfectants, disinfecting soaps, oral or corporal hygiene products or with anti-microbial function.
Used to disinfect the materials and surfaces associated with the housing or transportation of animals.
||Food and feed area
||Used for the disinfection of equipment, containers, consumption utensils, surfaces or pipework associated with the production, transport, storage or consumption of food or feed (including drinking water) for humans and animals.
Used to impregnate materials which may enter into contact with food.
||Used for the disinfection of drinking water for both humans and animals.
|Main group 2: Preservatives|
Unless otherwise stated these product-types include only products to prevent microbial and algal development.
||Preservatives for products during storage
||Used for the preservation of manufactured products, other than foodstuffs, feeding stuffs, cosmetics or medicinal products or medical devices by the control of microbial deterioration to ensure their shelf life.
Used as preservatives for the storage or use of rodenticide, insecticide or other baits.
||Used for the preservation of films or coatings by the control of microbial deterioration or algal growth in order to protect the initial properties of the surface of materials or objects such as paints, plastics, sealants, wall adhesives, binders, papers, art works.
||Used for the preservation of wood, from and including the saw-mill stage, or wood products by the control of wood-destroying or wood-disfiguring organisms, including insects. This product type includes both preventive and curative products.
||Fibre, leather, rubber and polymerised materials preservatives
||Used for the preservation of fibrous or polymerised materials, such as leather, rubber or paper or textile products by the control of microbiological deterioration.
This product-type includes biocidal products which antagonise the settlement of micro-organisms on the surface of materials and therefore hamper or prevent the development of odour and/or offer other kinds of benefits.
||Construction material preservatives
||Used for the preservation of masonry, composite materials, or other construction materials other than wood by the control of microbiological and algal attack.
||Preservatives for liquid-cooling and processing systems
||Used for the preservation of water or other liquids used in cooling and processing systems by the control of harmful organisms such as microbes, algae and mussels.
Products used for the disinfection of drinking water or of water for swimming pools are not included in this product-type.
||Used for the prevention or control of slime growth on materials, equipment and structures, used in industrial processes, e.g. on wood and paper pulp, porous sand strata in oil extraction.
||Working or cutting fluid preservatives
||Products to control microbial deterioration in fluids used for working or cutting metal, glass or other materials.
|Main group 3: Pest control|
||Used for the control of mice, rats or other rodents, by means other than repulsion or attraction.
||Used for the control of birds, by means other than repulsion or attraction.
||Molluscicides, vermicides and products to control other invertebrates
||Used for the control of molluscs, worms and invertebrates not covered by other product types, by means other than repulsion or attraction.
||Used for the control of fish, by means other than repulsion or attraction.
||Insecticides, acaricides and products to control other arthropods
||Used for the control of arthropods (e.g. insects, arachnids and crustaceans), by means other than repulsion or attraction.
||Repellents and attractants
||Used to control harmful organisms (invertebrates such as fleas, vertebrates such as birds, fish, rodents), by repelling or attracting, including those that are used for human or veterinary hygiene either directly on the skin or indirectly in the environment of humans or animals.
||Control of other vertebrates
||Used for the control of vertebrates other than those already covered by the other product types of this main group, by means other than repulsion or attraction.
|Main group 4: Other biocidal products|
||Used to control the growth and settlement of fouling organisms (microbes and higher forms of plant or animal species) on vessels, aquaculture equipment or other structures used in water.
||Embalming and taxidermist fluids
||Used for the disinfection and preservation of human or animal corpses, or parts thereof.