Fact Sheet: Child-resistant closures
Packaging for a number of dangerous chemical substances and products for private use must be fitted with child-resistant closures.
The following products must be fitted with child-resistant closures if they are sold to private consumers:
- Corrosive products, such as dishwasher detergent.
- Liquid chemical substances and products which evaporate easily and can cause lung damage if ingested, such as mineral turpentine or lamp oil.
- Chemical products containing three per cent methanol or above.
- Dichloromethane and chemical products containing one per cent dichloromethane or above.
Child-resistant closures must comply with ISO standard 8317 (see under ‘More information’). Only accredited laboratories may determine whether the standard has been met.
If the packaging appears to be completely safe for children because they cannot access the contents without using a tool testing of the lid is not required.
Child-resistant closures aim to protect children
The requirements for child-resistant closures exist to avoid children being injured due to contact with dangerous chemicals, as these are particularly dangerous to children.
A child-resistant closure, however, is not aimed at preventing a child from opening the packaging but to delay such opening.
Manufacturers, importers and distributors are responsible
Anyone who produces, imports or distributes the above substances or products to private consumers is responsible for ensuring the products are fitted with child-resistant closures.
The EPA’s chemical inspectors monitor compliance with the regulations and will ensure that illegal situations are brought into compliance. This may involve withdrawing the product from the Danish market, or making the product legal in some other way. Anyone who breaches the regulations may additionally face a fine or prison sentence of up to two years.
The regulations can be read in their entirety in:
“Ministry of the Environment Statutory Order no. 329 of 16 May 2002 on the classification, packaging, labelling, sale and storage of chemical substances and products ” (-in Danish at www.retsinfo.dk ). Section 11 and Annex 6 discuss child-resistant closures.
ISO standard 8317, “Child-resistant packaging. Requirements and testing procedures for reclosable packages” is available for loan from the Environmental Protection Agency library, or can be purchased from Dansk Standard, tel. +45 3996 6101, www.ds.dk